1.4 Be SMART…!

1.4 Be SMART…!

Warming up!


1.4 Be SMART

1. Planning your career is not an easy task. But we can reduce the distress by making a proper choice. If we do, what we love to do, the journey becomes smooth and leads to success.
    The following diagram shows important factors to be considered while choosing a career. Discuss in your group, which factors you regard as important ones.


1.4 Be SMART

2. An Acrostic is a form of writing where the first letters in each of the lines form another word.
For example : FRIEND







Prepare on your own such acrostics for-

  • Your dearest family member
  • Name of your best friend
  • A quality or feeling
  • Any profession


  • Prepare your own such acrostics for:
  • Your favourite family member.
  • Name of your best friend.
  • A quality or feeling.
  • Any profession.


(1). Best friend: TEJAL
(2). Quality: Smart


3. Say whether the underlined words in the following sentences are used as a Noun or Verb or Adjective.

(a) I walk to school everyday. (………….)
(b) I go for a walk everyday. (………….)
(c) They gave me a gift everyday. (………….)
(d) You can gift her a story book. (………….)
(e) It was sold as a gift pack. (………….)
(f) They bought a new house on 10th street. (………….)
(g) The water – tanks leak a lot. (………….)
(h) The old-age home houses loo aging and homeless people. (………….)
(a) I walk to school everyday.                                                            – Verb
(b) I go for a walk everyday                                                                – Noun
(e) They gave me a gift everyday                                                       – Noun
(d) You can gift her a story book                                                        – Verb
(e) It was sold as a gift pack                                                                – Adjective
(f) They bought a new house on 10th street                                    – Noun
(g) The water-tanks leak a lot                                                            – Verb
(h) The old-age home houses 100 aging and homeless people. – Verb

1.4 Be SMART

English Workshop:

Question No.1]

1. Complete the following web with the words associated with the passage and the given title.

1.4 Be SMART
1.4 Be SMART

1.4 Be SMART

Question No.2]

2. (A) Pick out examples from the text that support each of the following facts :

(a) Goals should be achievable. …………………………………………………………………………………….
Example: We can’t become a President, a Prime Minister, but we can hope to hold the office of an important social worker and deliver results.


(b) A time-limit should be set to achieve goals.

Example: To reduce weight we know how to go about it. But without consistent time-bound action, it never becomes a reality. It may be exercise, diet and stress-free thoughts. All these have to be practised and implemented within a deadline.


(c) A specific field/area has to be fixed to achieve goals.

Example: If it is building a house, what exactly is the capacity required and how long can it stretch?


(d) Good results depend upon the quality and quantity of work put in.
Example: Life is like a trumpet. If we don’t put anything in, we can’t get anything out.


(e) A benchmark is needed to track progress.
Example: While playing football, a player’s exact role and position has to be clearly defined.

1.4 Be SMART

Question No.3]

3. Complete the following sentences.

(a) SMART goals are ……………………………

(a) SMART goals are a methodology of thinking I that helps people reach success.

(b) Two valuable assets of setting goals are ……………….
(b) Two valuable assets of setting goals area sense of originality and a stepping stone to illuminate the path.

1.4 Be SMART

Question No.4]

4. Read this quote.
‘If we don’t put anything in, we can’t get anything out.’ Guess the meaning. Discuss in pairs and find similar quotes that bring in the same meaning.

(a) You reap as you sow
(b) Input is equal to output
(c) …………………………….
(d) …………………………….
(e) …………………………….
(a) As you sow, so shall you reap.
(b) Input is equal to output.
(c) No pains, no gains.
(d) Nothing ventures, nothing have.
(e) The longer you work, the more you get.
(f) Well begun is half done.

1.4 Be SMART

Question No.5]

5. Drafting a Speech. Discuss in groups each block and make notes about it.

1.4 Be SMART

Note: The above points are guidelines for writing a great speech. Students need to discuss amongst themselves each point and use those when writing a speech.
Do it yourself.

1.4 Be SMART

Question No.6]

6. Speech development

(A) Content
(a) Greeting and introduction of the topic
(b) Exposition of main theme/clarity of message/organised thoughts and ideas.
(c) Moral and practical application with examples.
(d) Conclusion

(B) Speaking Presentation
(a) Verbal clarity – pronunciation of words, voice modulation and projection.
(b) Presentation/Speaking style – mannerism, audience eye contact, ability to keep the audience engaged.
(c) Confidence – gestures and expressions, stage courage

(C) Useful phrases and vocabulary
(a) It’s pleasure to see you all/I am happy to see you today/It’s good to see you all here.
(b) Today’s topic is ………../My talk is about………….. My topic is …………….
(c) The purpose/aim of this speech. …………
(d) I will focus on one/two/three major issues.
(e) If you have any question, feel free to ask me.

1.4 Be SMART

Question No.7]

7. Dos and Don’ts for delivering a speech. Add some more points.

1.4 Be SMART



(1)  Talk slowly

(2) Emphasize keywords

(3) Stress your points firmly.

(4) Speak loudly and clearly.

(5) Use meaningful quality language.

(6) Use simple but effective language.

(7) Put your thoughts and ideas as clearly as possible.

(1) Don’t mumble.

(2) Don’t look up /down.

(3) Don’t forget important points.

(4) Don’t use excessive gestures.

(5) Don’t feel nervous or embarrassed while giving speech.

(6) Don’t drift away from your topic.

1.4 Be SMART

Question No.8]

8. You are going to participate in interschool elocution competition. The subject given to you is “How to achieve success in life.” Draft a speech to present it, in a competition.

1.4 Be SMART
How to achieve success in life?
Honorable chairperson, respected headmaster, teachers and my dear friends.

Today I am going to give my speech on “How to achieve success in life.” I request you to listen to me carefully. So my friends, success is very important in everyone’s life. Everyone has a dream of becoming a successful human being in life. There is a good saying that, “Success is a journey and not a destination.” How true it is! If we look at the life of all successful people, we realize the truthfulness of the statement. The definition of success is different for every person. For a child, success is to solve a puzzle, for a S.S.C. student, success is to get good marks, for a businessman, success is to get a contract and for grandparents, success is to see the whole family live happily together.

Everyone wants to become rich and successful in life. To achieve ambition, there are many steps which are to be followed. First of all, we have to set our goal, means we have to decide what we are and what we want to be. So proper plan and execution of the plan are very important. The tragedy of life does not lie in not reaching the goal, the tragedy lies in having no goal to reach.

For a great success we need a lot of confidence, patience, knowledge, perseverance and hard work. We should not waste our time because time is money. Don’t compare yourself with any other person in the world. If you do so you are demeaning yourself. The main thing is that we should always think positively and never give up hope. Many of our failures are the people who did not realize how close they were to success when they gave up.

Always remember that the word “Impossible” means, I’m possible and if destiny is accompanied with the three D’s : determination, dedication and devotion, then everything becomes possible. We should learn from our own mistakes. We should always follow in the footsteps of great, successful people. Let’s take an example of Dhirubhai Ambani. He was born in a poor family, but struggled a lot to achieve his ambition and never gave up hope because he knew that there is always a room at the top. He kept the hope alive in his heart and tried his level best and as you know he became one of the richest industrialists in the world. After all, no gains, without pains.

There is a great saying that successful people do not do different things, they do the things differently. So work hard, continuously. God’s blessings are always there with you. Thank you for listening to me carefully.
Jai Hind.

1.4 Be SMART

Question No.9]

9. Project Work :

Note: students need to complete this question on their own.

1.4 Be SMART

Language Study:

When the – ‘ing’ form of a verb is used as a noun, it is known as a gerund a verbal noun. For example, The fighting went on. Here, we see that the – ‘ing’ form of the verb ‘fight’ is used as a subject in ‘The fighting went on’. It does a work of a noun.
Read the following examples of gerunds:

  1. Gardening is an art.
  2. Cooking is a science.
  3. I enjoy reading poems.
  4. I like reading more than writing.

Rewrite the above sentences using other appropriate gerunds in place of the given here.


  1. Painting is an art.
  2. Banking is a science.
  3. I enjoy acting.
  4. I like riding more than swimming.

Sometimes the form of a verb in a sentence names the action but does not change according to tense, number or person. Such a form is known as a non-finite form or an infinitive. An infinitive is used with or without ‘to’.
Examples: How did people first begin to drink tea? Can you name the beverage?
Underline the infinitive in the following sentences.

  1. It was funny to read words that stood still.
  2. Can I read the book?
  3. To be or not to be – that is the question.


  1. It was funny to read words that stood still.
  2. Can I read the book?
  3. To be or not to be – that is the question.


Underline the verbs and choose the correct option from the brackets.
1.4 Be SMART
Thus, we see that verb forms show tense, number, etc. Here, the verb form changes according to the subject. A verb form which is decided by and changes according to the subject of the sentence is known as a finite verb.
Example: ‘You are very kind.’ If the subject ‘you’ is changed to ‘she’, the sentence will be ‘She is very kind.’


1) Preeti even wrote about it – Past tense.

2) Today Sanjay found a new book – Past tense.

3) Rahul finds Maths easy. – Present tense.

4) Preeti was successful. – Singular.

5) This is the old kind of school. – Singular.

6) They are sportsmen. – Plural.


Now change the verb form according to the change in the subject.

  • I don’t know: Change ‘I’ to ‘She’ ……….
  • My father knows: Change ‘My father’ to ‘We’ ……….
  • I am following in your footsteps: Change ‘I’ to ‘He’ ……….


  1. I don’t know
    She doesn’t know.
  2.  My father knows.
    We know it.
  3.  I am following in your footsteps:
    He is following in your footsteps.


Underline the gerund/present participles/infinitive.
(a) Setting goal may appear easy, but it is quite challenging.
(b) Quantifying goals provide specific ways to track progress.
(c) It is important to create goals that are within a current skill set or area of expertise.
(d) We need to bring down life images down to earth and plan to execute our strategies.
(e) Finding the right footing, precisely mastering the skills and getting to the next place, all depend on how we approach and tackle the problem.


a) Setting goal my appear easy, but it is quite challenging.

b) Quantifying goals provide specific ways to track progress.

c) It is important to create goals that are within a current skill set or area of expertise.

d) We need to bring down life images down to earth and plan to execute our strategies.

e) Finding the right footing, precisely mastering the skills and getting to the next place, all depend on how we approach and tackle the problem.


Classify the following words in their respective columns.
tackle, trumpet, directly, execute, aggressive, natural, absence, exactly, achieve, clearly, imagination, precisely, create, important, expert, specific. of, if, and, oh, from, we, but, it.

1.4 Be SMART


Absence, Expert, Imagination, TrumpetAggressive, Important, Natural, SpecificClearly, Directly, Exactly, PreciselyAchieve, Create, Execute, TackleIt, WeFrom, If, OfAnd, ButOh


Changing word class:

Sometimes, the word class of a word changes without adding any prefix or suffix. For example, ‘run’ is used as a verb. So, ‘verb’ is its word class in ‘I can run faster than him.’ But when ‘run’ is used as a noun, its word class changes. For example, India has to score ten more runs to win the match.’ This is called a change of word class. Look at the following examples. Change of word class from verb to noun :
‘I doubt if I can write as fast as you can’ (verb). I have a doubt about this topic (noun). Similarly : laugh, walk, catch, throw, turn
Change of word class from noun to verb :
‘Remove the potato peels (noun). Peel the potato (verb).
‘She works as a nurse (noun). You have to nurse a patient till he/she recovers (verb).









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