# Maharashtra Board Solutions Class 10 Maths 1 Chapter 1. Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 1.5 [With PDF]

1. Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 1.5 Maharashtra Board Solutions Class 10 Maths 1 – नमस्कार विद्यार्थी मित्रांनो ! आजच्या या पोस्टमध्ये आम्ही तुमच्यासाठी 1. Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 1.5 [With PDF] घेऊन आलो आहे.

 Maharashtra Board Solutions Class 10 Maths 1 Chapter 1. Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 1.5 [With PDF]
 Subject Name Mathematics Part 1 Std Class 10 Chapter Name 1. Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 1.5 Year 2023

## 1. Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 1.5

Q. (1) Two numbers differ by 3. The sum of twice the smaller number and thrice the greater number is 19. Find the numbers.

Solution: Let the greater number be x and the smaller number be y. From the first condition,

x-y=3                                                                 … (1)

Thrice the greater number = 3x.

Twice the smaller number = 2y.

From the second condition,

3x + 2y = 19                                                     … (2)

Multiplying equation (1) by 2,

2x – 2y = 6                                                        … (3) Substituting x = 5 in equation (1),

5 – y = 3 – y = 3 – 5 ∴ – y = – 2  ‏∴ y = 2

Ans. The required numbers are 5 and 2.

1. Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 1.5

(2) Complete the following.

Solution: The opposite sides of a rectangle are of equal lengths.

∴2x + y + 8 = 4x – y

∴2x-4x+y+y=-8

∴- 2x + 2y = – 8

∴- x + y = – 4 … (Dividing both the sides by 2)

…(1)

Also, x + 4 = 2y

∴x-2y=400                                                       …(2) Substituting y = 8 in equation (2),

x – 2(8) = – 4

∴x – 16 = – 4

∴x = – 4 + 16

∴ x = 12

The length of the rectangle = 4x-y

=4(12)-848-8=40

The breadth of the rectangle =2y = 2 × 8 = 16 The area of a rectangle = l × b

=40 ×16 = 640 sq units

The perimeter of the rectangle

=2(l + b)

=2(40+16)

=2×56 112 units

Ans. x = 12 y = 8 The area of the rectangle is 640 sq units and its perimeter is 112 units.

1. Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 1.5

(3) The sum of father’s age and twice the age of his son is 70. If we double the age of the father and add it to the age of his son the sum is 95. Find their present ages.

Solution:

Let the father’s present age be x years and the son’s present age be y years. From the first condition,

x + 2y = 70                                                         …(1)

Double the age of father = 2x.

From the second condition,

2x + y = 95                                                        … (2)

Multiplying equation (1) by 2,

2x + 4y = 140                                                    …(3)

Subtracting equation (2) from equation (3), Substituting y = 15 in equation (1),

x + 2(15) = 70

∴x = 70 – 30

∴x + 30 = 70

∴x = 40

Ans. The father’s present age is 40 years and the

(4) The denominator of a fraction is 4 more than twice its numerator. Denominator becomes 12 times the numerator, if both the numerator and the denominator are reduced by 6. Find the fraction.

Solution: Let the numerator of the fraction be x and its denominator be y.

Twice the numerator = 2x.

From the first condition, y = 2x + 4 .

2x + 4 = y ∴ 2x – y = – 4 … (1)

If 6 is subtracted both from the numerator and the denominator, then the numerator becomes (x – 6) and the denominator becomes (y – 6) .

From the second condition,

y – 6 = 12(x – 6)

∴y – 6 = 12x – 72

∴12x – 72 = y – 6

∴12xy=-6+72

∴12x – y = 66                                                   …(2)

Subtracting equation (1) from equation (2), Substituting x = 7 in equation (1),

2(7) – y = – 4

∴ 14 – y = – 4

∴- y = – 4 – 14

∴- y = – 18

y = 18 The numerator, x is 7 and the denominator, y is 18.

Ans. The required fraction is 7/18

(5) Two types of boxes A, B are to be placed in a truck having capacity of 10 tons. When 150 boxes of type A and 100 boxes of type B are loaded in the truck, it weighes 10 tons. But when 260 boxes of type A are loaded in the truck, it can still accommodate 40 boxes of type B, so that it is fully loaded. Find the weight of each type of box.

Solution: Let the weight of a box of type A be x ton and that of a box of type B be y ton.

The weight of 150 boxes of type A = 150x ton.

The weight of 100 boxes of type B = 100yton

From the first condition,

150x + 100y = 10

∴15x + 10y = 1 (Dividing both the sides by 10)

…(1)

Similarly, from the second condition,

260x + 40y = 10

∴26x + 4y = 1 … (Dividing both the sides by 10)

… (2)

Multiplying equation (1) by 2 and equation (2) by 5,

30x + 20y = 2                                                     ..(3)

130x + 20y = 5                                                 …(4) Maharashtra Board Solutions Class 10 Maths 1 Chapter 1. Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 1.5 [With PDF]

(6) Out of 1900 km, Vishal travelled some distance by bus and some by aeroplane. Bus travels with average speed 60 km/hr and the average speed of aeroplane is 700 km/hr. It takes 5 hours to complete the journey. Find the distance, Vishal travelled by bus. Maharashtra Board Solutions Class 10 Maths 1 Chapter 1. Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 1.5 [With PDF]

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## 1. Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set 1.5 [With PDF]

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